1:2-4 (Ps 11:3; Heb 7:18-19)   no justice; more oppression by wicked over the righteous; the Law is powerless

1:5-11   a ruthless people (the Babylonians) will be used by God to punish His own people for their sin
      –Is this similar to Muslim terrorism today against Israel and the Christian West?
      –It is similar to the beast’s (antichrist’s) end-times invasion of Israel.

1:13-17   Habakkuk asks why God keeps silent in the face of so much wickedness against the righteous; it seems to only encourage the wicked to strengthen and to worship the works of his hands.

2:2-3   The Babylonians (symbolizing the enemy) will be judged at the appointed time at the end.  It is certain!

2:4   Meanwhile, the just shall live by his faith.

2:14 (Ps 72:19)   The Earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of YHVH as the waters cover the sea.

3:1-2 (Ps 77:8-10 [7-9 Eng])   prayer acknowledging the greatness of God, and for Him to act in our own day,  remembering mercy in His execution of wrath
      –During the Great Tribulation God will still be showing mercy to save, and in His wrath He knows how to preserve His own. (2Pt 2:7-9)

3:16 (Rev 1:9; 13:10; 14:12)   The prophet will wait patiently for God to judge the wicked nation.

3:17-19   The saint and prophet exercises His absolute faith and trust in God his Savior, despite all that seems contrary.
      –This is to be our hope, too, and with the help of the Holy Spirit in us, during the coming Tribulation period leading to God’s wrath poured out on His and His people’s enemies.   

AMOS (760 BC)

1:11 (Gen 27:41; Ezek 25:12-14; Obad 14; Ps 83:6-7 [5-6 Eng])   Esau’s rage and anger against his brother Jacob/Israel bring YHVH God’s near- and long-term judgments.  We see the same spirit at work today amongst Muslims and Palestinians.

2:4-5   YHVH God will judge Judah (the Jewish people) because they have rejected the law of YHVH and have not kept His statutes, but have followed the lies of their fathers.

2:6-16   On that day, YHVH God will judge Israel for all her unrighteousness, uncleanness, unfaithfulness.

3:1-2 (Dt 31:27; Gal 4:9; Lk 12:48; Rom 2:8-11)   The whole family of Israel to be specially punished by YHVH because she is His specially chosen family whom he has known.

3:7-8   YHVH reveals what He is doing to His servants, the prophets; He has spoken!  Who can but prophesy?!

4:6,8-11   Israel’s stubbornness; despite famine, drought, pestilence, plague, judgments, yet Israel has not returned to YHVH God of Hosts

5:4-6   Seek Me, says YHVH, and live!

5:14-15   Seek good, not evil, that you may live; hate evil, love good; maintain justice in the courts

5:18-24 (8:20-21; Mt 27:45)   Woe to you who long for the Day of YHVH!
      –Can the time of Yeshua on the cross – bearing the sin of the world and our sins – be understood as the paradigm for the Day of YHVH?
         –judgment against sinners
         –justification for all who believe in hope of God’s mercy

9:11-12   restoration of David’s fallen tabernacle
      –government of God through King after His own heart
      –inclusion of Israelis and gentiles

9:13-15   future millennial blessings


(Prepared as series of studies on the Minor Prophets for the discipleship program, Lech Lecha)

With one voice the prophets speak (2Pt 1:19-21) of the Messiah, the Son of God, and of His Kingdom.  Every jot and tittle of what they spoke and wrote will be fulfilled. (Mt 5:17-18)

Is 46:10   I declare the end from the beginning, and from ancient times what is not yet done, saying, “My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure.”

Heb 1:1-2   God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by the Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through Whom also He made the worlds.

 In Israel, when is it acceptable to begin saying, “Shabbat shalom”? . . . . .beginning on Thursday, the 5th day (consider Hos 6:1-3).

Lk 16:16   The Law and the Prophets are until John.  Since that time the Kingdom of God is being preached, and everyone is pressing into it.

Mal 3:6; Heb 13:8   YHVH God does not change; He is the same yesterday, today, and forever.

Different expressions used to speak of the “last days”:

–in that day
–at that time
–in those days
–day of YHVH
–day of vengeance of our God (Is 61:2)
–day of wrath (Zeph 1:18)
–day of visitation (Is 10:3; Lk 19:44; 1Pt 2:12)
–time of trouble (tribulation) (Jer 30:7; Dan 12:1; Mt 24:21)
–end of the age (Mt 28:20)

Mt 28:18-20   …All authority has been given to Me [Jesus] in Heaven and on Earth.  Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you all the days until the end of the age.

Acts 1:6-8   When they [the disciples] had come together, they asked [Jesus], saying, “Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?”  And He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority.  But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the Earth.”

Rev 22:16-21   I, Jesus, have sent My angel (messenger) to testify to you these things in the churches.  I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.  And the Spirit and Bride say, ‘Come!’  And let him who hears say, ‘Come!’  And let him who thirsts come.  Whoever desires, let him take the water of life freely.

For I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book:  If anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

He who testifies to these things says, ‘Surely I am coming quickly!’  Amen.  Even so, come, Lord Jesus!  The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.  Amen.